Resources for Journalism
Below is a list of general library resources relevant to Journalism - use these to locate academic materials such as books, journal articles, statistics, and reports.
Visit the library Subject Guides to explore other resources available (for example, relating to Media or TV, Film and Radio Production).
Discover is the University of Bedfordshire library's main search engine. Use Discover to search journal articles, book reviews, news, and the library catalogue simultaneously.
Use the Library Catalogue to find print books and ebooks held by the University of Bedfordshire. You can also find journal titles and databases here.
Communication and Mass Media Complete is an electronic database containing articles from a range of journals relevant to media and communications. Its appearance and functionality is similar to Discover as it is produced by the same company.
JSTOR contains many journal articles in the field of the humanities and arts. You can browse to your subject area of interest (e.g. Browse -> By Subject -> Social Sciences: Communication Studies), then search for articles within that subject area (e.g. 'Journalism').
Credo Reference contains a variety of electronic encyclopaedias and reference books. You can search within individual books or across all content at once. The 'Mind Map' search tool in Credo is useful if you wish to consider related concepts and ideas.
Oxford Reference contains many electronic reference books and encyclopaedias, including dictionaries and thesauri. You can browse by subject or enter a search word to find relevant content.
Statista is a database which contains official statistics and data collected by research institutes. The data is presented in adjustable charts and tables and downloadable in a variety of formats.
MarketLine contains many industry and company profiles and reports, containing among other things: business histories, details of key competitors, case studies, and financial deals. Useful for current awareness and business news.
Web of Science is a citation database containing records for many journal articles across a variety of subject areas. Web of Science is especially useful for identifying highly cited works. To locate relevant content, do a keyword search then refine your results by category in the left hand panel.
Scopus is a citation database containing records for many journal articles across a variety of subject areas. Scopus is especially useful for identifying highly cited works. Browse to Sources -> Subject Area -> Communication to see content relevant to your subject area, or do a keyword search across all content.
Below is a list of useful websites and other online resources relevant to Journalism.
The Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO) is the independent regulator for the newspaper and magazine industry in the UK. It holds newspapers and magazines to account for their actions, protects individual rights, upholds high standards of journalism and helps maintain freedom of expression for the press.
The National Union of Journalists (NUJ) strives to improve the pay and conditions of its members and protect and promote media freedom, professionalism and ethical standards. Based in London.
The International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) is the world's largest organisation of journalists, represents 600,000 media professionals from 187 trade unions and associations in more than 140 countries.
IMPRESS is a press regulator which aims to ensure quality independent journalism flourishes and trust is built between journalists and the public in the digital age.
Ofcom is the regulator for communications services in the UK. It's remit is very broad, including internet and phone services, TV and radio, the Royal Mail, and wireless devices such as cordless phones and walkie talkies.
British Pathé is a newsreel archive containing 85,000 films unrivalled in their historical and cultural significance. Spanning the years from 1896 to 1978, the collection includes footage from around the globe of major events, famous faces, fashion trends, travel, science and culture.
The Office for National Statistics is the UK’s largest independent producer of official statistics and its recognised national statistical institute. It collects and publishes statistics related to the economy, population and society at national, regional and local levels, and conducts the census in England and Wales every 10 years.
Google Scholar is Google's search engine for scholarly research including journal articles and book reviews.
Youth Journalism International connects student writers, artists and photographers with peers around the globe, teaches journalism, fosters cross-cultural understanding, and promotes and defends a free youth press.
Women in Journalism is a UK based media networking, campaigning and training organisation offering guidance and support for women working in print, broadcast and online. The website contains news, research, and a mentoring scheme.
The US based Poynter Institute champions freedom of expression, civil dialogue and compelling journalism that helps citizens participate in healthy democracies. They prepare journalists worldwide to hold powerful people accountable and promote honest information in the marketplace of ideas.
First Draft is a non-partisan international organization which works to empower people with the knowledge, understanding, and tools needed to build resilience against harmful, false, and misleading information, in the moments that matter. Their website contains research, free online courses, and downloadable guides.
The British Cartoon Archive (BCA) contains the artwork for over 200,000 British editorial, socio-political, and pocket cartoons, supported by large collections of comic strips, newspaper cuttings, books and magazines from the last two hundred years. The BCA is based at the University of Kent.
Below is a list of news databases available in the library collection. These contain the content of many significant national and regional UK papers, and they are searchable across titles.
NewsBank contains the full text of many newspapers across the world, including both local and national UK newspapers.
Read national, international, regional, or specialist news sources by visiting their websites directly. For example The Guardian, The Times, The Telegraph, The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Huffington Post, Al Jazeera English.
Below are a number of online newspaper collections and fact-checking services which you may also wish to explore.
Reuters, the news and media division of Thomson Reuters, is the world’s largest international multimedia news provider reaching more than one billion people every day. Reuters provides international news to businesses, the world's media organizations, and directly to consumers via their website.
Google News harvests reports from multiple major news sources, which can be useful when comparing how a story has been reported in different places.
PressReader contains over 7,000 full replicas of newspaper and magazine titles. Many public libraries (including Luton Central Library and Bedford Central Library) have a subscription to PressReader, which means by joining your local public library you can access the database for free on your personal device.
Snopes is a news fact checking website which conducts original, investigative reporting leading to evidence-based and contextualized analysis. They document their sources so readers can conduct independent research.
Law and industry codes
There is a wealth of legal information available to you via your library. It is advisable to know exactly what you're looking for when you search this content (i.e. specific legislation or particular cases). You can identify which legislation and cases are important to your field from secondary resources such as books, encyclopaedias, and journal articles.
Westlaw is one of the two main electronic databases for legal research available in the library collection (the other database being Lexis Library). It contains primary resources (such as cases and legislation, with accompanying commentary and analysis) and secondary resources (such as law journals, law reports, and reference books). It also includes current affairs magazines and news under the "More" tab, for example The Economist. To see an example statute, try searching for the Communications Act 2003 (c. 21) using the Legislation tab. To see an example case, try searching for the party names Richard v BBC in the Cases tab.
Lexis Library is one of the two main electronic databases for legal research available in the library collection (the other database being Westlaw). It contains primary resources (such as cases and legislation, with accompanying commentary and analysis) and secondary resources (such as law journals, law reports, and reference books). To see an example statute, try searching for the Communications Act 2003 (c. 21) using the Legislation tab. To see an example case, try searching for the party names Richard v BBC in the Cases tab.
The UK Parliament makes the country's laws freely available online, and ensures the law-making process is transparent. Below is a list of freely available sources relating to UK law, as well as some important industry codes and regulations which help guide practitioners to follow media law and ethics.
Legislation.gov.uk is the official government website publishing all UK legislation. It is managed by The National Archives on behalf of HM Government. Statutes relevant to media law which you may wish to look at include, for example, the Broadcasting Act 1996, the Human Rights Act 1998, the Communications Act 2003, the Equality Act 2010, and the Data Protection Act 2018. For further useful commentary on statutes (e.g. to see which sections are in force and which have been repealed), look them up on Westlaw or Lexis Library.
The UK Parliament has two Houses (Commons and Lords) that work on behalf of UK citizens to check and challenge the work of Government, make and shape effective laws, and debate/make decisions on the big issues of the day. Use this website to learn more about how parliament works and keep up to date with parliamentary news.
Hansard is the official report of all UK parliamentary debates. Search this website for Members of Parliament, their contributions, debates, petitions and divisions from published Hansard reports dating back over 200 years.
The Supreme Court is the final court of appeal in the UK for civil cases, and for criminal cases from England, Wales and Northern Ireland. The Supreme Court hears cases of the greatest public or constitutional importance affecting the whole population. The website allows you to watch live and recorded cases.
The British and Irish Legal Information Institute (BAILII) contains a large number of case transcripts (i.e. the judgement of the case), so can be very helpful if you have a particular case you would like to look up. BAILII uses a simple website format, but don't be deceived by its appearance: it is a well respected source of legal materials.
The Editors’ Code of Practice sets out the rules that newspapers and magazines regulated by Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO) have agreed to follow. It provides a framework for the highest professional standards and is a cornerstone of the system of voluntary self-regulation.
The National Union of Journalists (NUJ) Code of Conduct sets out the main principles of British and Irish journalism. All journalists joining the NUJ must agree that they will aim to adhere to the professional principles outlined in this code.
The Ofcom Broadcasting Code sets out a variety of practices and principles to help broadcasters comply with the law. Ofcom has the power to impose statutory sanctions against any broadcaster that deliberately breaches this code.
The IMPRESS Standards Code aims to assist journalists by promoting and supporting their work at the same time as protecting the public from invasive journalistic practices and unethical news reporting. The code is practical and responsive to emerging challenges in the digital era, including issues like verifying the authenticity of sources and information and using content from social media.
The UK Advertising Codes lay down rules for advertisers, agencies and media owners to follow. Written and upheld by the Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) and the Committee of Advertising Practice (CAP).
Named after the Lord who chaired it, the Leveson inquiry reviewed the culture, practices and ethics of the UK press, including contacts between the press and politicians, contacts between the press and the police, and the phone hacking scandal. The report was published in 2012.
The Royal Charter on self-regulation of the press was the outcome of the Leveson Inquiry. It followed the recommendation that significant news publishers should become members of a new independent regulatory body and follow a code (for example, see IPSO's Editors’ Code of Practice above).
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