Writing assignments means researching, reading and exploring ideas to help you form your own opinions. In order to get good marks and use information ethically, there are certain academic conventions or procedures you need to follow:
There are two versions of referencing guidelines for English and Performing Arts, they contain the same information but laid out differently.
Copyright is a law (The Copyright Act 1988) that protects the rights of the owner, or their representative, to have their work used only with their permission. The owner is usually the person who wrote (author) or created (artist, composer, photographer) the work in question.
This means that you can't use another person's words, sound or images without recognising their ownership and gaining their permission. However, a 'fair dealing' rule permits you to copy a limited amount of material, as long as it is for private study or personal research purposes. 'Fair dealing' usually extends to copying:
Referencing is a way to acknowledge that you have used the ideas or written/recorded material belonging to another author.
Remember that you have to give full references for all the materials you use for your assignments - this includes books, journal articles, video material, and internet resources such as websites!
There are two kinds of references: textual references (i.e. references within the text) and a list of references cited (i.e. the bibliography), which is given at the end of the assignment.
Example: There is some evidence (Jones 1992, p. 97) that these figures are incorrect. OR Jones (1992, p. 97) argues that these figures are incorrect.
Plagiarism means failing either intentionally (I meant to do it) or unintentionally (I didn't realise I was doing it) to give recognition to the work and/or ideas of others in your own work. There are many reasons why a student might plagiarise, but it is important to remember that plagiarism is an academic offence and, if caught, you could lose marks for your assignment, fail a module or even fail your degree.
Plagiarism can be avoided by making sure: