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What is a bibliography / reference list?

Referencing

What is a bibliography?

You may sometimes be asked to provide a bibliography at the end of a piece of work, in addition to a reference list. What is the difference?

  • A bibliography is a full reference list of all the sources which you have consulted in preparing a particular piece of work, but may not have cited (for quotations, paraphrasing etc.)
  • A reference list only includes the sources that you have cited, not your background reading

Both types of lists should be organised alphabetically and laid out in the same way. Most courses in the university use the Harvard style of referencing. However, many subject areas have chosen to use a different system.

This online guide demonstrates how to use the UoB-Harvard system. Always consult your unit handbook or tutor to make sure you are using the correct system for the unit. Remember some subjects use other systems.

If you are unsure whether an assignment requires a bibliography, check with your lecturer.

Referencing      
This guide uses the UoB-Harvard system. Always consult your unit handbook or tutor to make sure you are using the correct system for the unit. Some subjects use other systems.
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University of Bedfordshire

A Guide to Referencing» What is a bibliography / reference list?