Visual sources

How to cite visual sources in Harvard UoB format

Visual sources can be referenced in their original physical forms (e.g. a painting or sculpture), in their online versions (e.g. an image on a website), or within a print resource (e.g. an illustration in a print book).

If within a print resource such as a book, list the book itself in the reference list and include the page number of the image in both the in-text citation and at the end of the reference list entry.

There are many types of visual resources and the specifics of referencing them vary. In most cases, the below information should be included.

In-text citation:

Monet (1904) is one of a series of paintings of the Houses of Parliament in London, which capture changing natural light and evokes different moods in a style typical of impressionism.

Reference list:

The elements which should be included in your bibliography/reference lists are:

(i) artist or producer (surname, initials)

(ii) year (in round brackets)

(iii) title (in italics)

(iv) material type, e.g. photograph, sculpture, oil on canvas, monument, graffiti (in square brackets)

(v) details of the gallery or place housing the work (if viewed in the original) OR Available at: URL (Accessed: day month year) (if viewed online)


Monet, C. (1904) London, Houses of Parliament. The sun shining through the fog [Oil on canvas]. Available at: (Accessed: 5 March 2019).

This guide uses the UoB-Harvard system. Always consult your unit handbook or tutor to make sure you are using the correct system for the unit. Some subjects use other systems.
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