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Personal communications

Harvard

How to cite personal communications in Harvard UoB format

If using a personal interview or communication, always ask the permission of the interviewee before using such material They may want their contribution to be anonymised.  In the reference list you can indicate what form the communication took, e.g. an email or telephone conversation.  The in-text citation and reference begin with the name of the sender of the communication.

In text:
"...and the Occupational Therapy community team is under-staffed"  (Smith, 2016).
In reference list:
Smith, J. (2016) Conversation with Louise Jones, 1 August.

Smith, J. (2016) Letter to Louise Jones, 1 August.

Smith, J. (2016) Email to Louise Jones, 1 August.

Smith, J. (2016) Telephone conversation with Louise Jones, 1 August.

Smith, J. (2016) Skype conversation with Louise Jones, 1 August.

Smith, J. (2016) Text message to Louise Jones, 1 August.

Smith, J. (2016) Fax to Louise Jones, 1 August.
Referencing      
This guide uses the UoB-Harvard system. Always consult your unit handbook or tutor to make sure you are using the correct system for the unit. Some subjects use other systems.
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University of Bedfordshire

A Guide to Referencing» Personal communications