There can be occasions when you want to use what another author has said word-for-word (quote them). For example, when defining something, repeating legislation or emphasising a key point.
When using quotations in assignments it is important to be selective – it is not good academic practice to include lots of very long quotations even if these are referenced correctly.
The following are some key questions you should ask yourself when considering using a quotation:
If yes, you might want to consider paraphrasing the source of information.
If yes, identify the part of the quotation that is most relevant. If you want to miss out the start/end of a quote, you need to indicate this to a reader using …. If you do edit a quotation you must make sure the original meaning is not lost and that what you include in not presented out of context. In the following example the start of the sentence is missing:
"……study skills are important"
If yes, think about whether the quotation is in the right place. If it is, it might be better to summarise the source of information using your own words.
The sentences before and after the quotation should normally refer to the information that is included in the quotation. If you do not do this, including the quotation is likely to affect the flow of your writing.
If you have quoted someone else's work it is appropriate to give them credit by referencing them in the body of your work and at the end in your reference list. If you are following Harvard conventions, a source that has been quoted is referenced in text by including 1) the surname of the author(s); 2) year of publication; 3) page number where the quotation was taken from; and 4) quotation marks around the text that you have quoted. If you have used a long quotation, then this is normally indented. Details of how to reference sources of information are available at: http://lrweb.beds.ac.uk/referencing
This guide uses the UoB-Harvard system. Always consult your unit handbook or tutor to make sure you are using the correct system for the unit. Some subjects use other systems.|
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