Some newspaper articles are available in print, some electronically, and some are accessible in both formats. As with journal articles you should only include the URL for a newspaper article if it is only available online and not in print. For example the Independent newspaper is only available online so you should include a URL when referencing this publication (see example below).
You don't need to include the name of the database where you found the newspaper article.
In text citation:
Citing a direct quote from a newspaper
"Deglobalisation will be the new buzzword." (Sharma, 2016 p.31).
Paraphrasing from a newspaper
It has been argued that Britain's decision to exit the EU marked the beginning of the end of the era of globalization (Sharma, 2016).
The elements which should be included in your bibliography/reference lists are:
(ii) (Year of publication)
(iii) Title of article (in single quotation marks)
(iv) Name of newspaper (in italics, in Title Case)
(v) Day and month of publication
(vi) Page number of article
(vii) Available at: URL (if required) (Accessed: date) OR doi (if available)
Example (print newspaper):
Sharma, R. (2016) 'Globalisation as we know it is over - Brexit was the sign', The Guardian, 29 July, p.31.
Example (online newspaper):
Stone, J. (2016) 'Police in Britain fired their guns just seven times in the last year', Independent, 29 July. Available at: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/uk-police-shooting-statistics-discharge-firearms-figures-freddie-gray-baton-killings-homicide-a7160391.html (Accessed 29 July 2016).
This guide uses the UoB-Harvard system. Always consult your unit handbook or tutor to make sure you are using the correct system for the unit. Some subjects use other systems.|
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